Periodontics (Gum Disease)
Do you have red, aching or swollen gums? Have you noticed gum recession or persistent bad breath? You may have periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth that can only be diagnosed by dental professionals. The infection is caused by bacteria that live in dental plaque in and around the gum line in pockets that line the teeth. Even though it is often painless and may have few if any visible symptoms, if left untreated, periodontal disease frequently results in the loss of teeth. People who smoke are particularly vulnerable to periodontal disease.
Non-surgical periodontal treatment is possible for the early and moderate stages of periodontal disease. This treatment involves removing the plaque and calculus (tartar) that has formed under the gum - in the area known as the pocket, and smoothing the root surfaces.
Scaling and Polishing regularly by your dentist or hygienist helps keep your teeth and gums healthy and your smile whiter. Scaling removes the hard tartar which cannot be removed by brushing. With moderate to advanced Periodontitis, bone loss is present and surgical periodontal treatment may be required.
Gum treatment is the treatment of active gum and jaw bone disease. Gum disease treatment can slow or stop the progression of gum disease. Since there are different stages of gum disease (from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis), there are different levels of treatment. In some cases, the patient may be referred to a specialist.